Abdul-Monem Gomha, Yasser Osman, Mohsen El-Mekresh, Mohamed Abou El-Ghar, Ibrahim Eraky
Urology Department, Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Urol Int 2009;83:433-437 (DOI: 10.1159/000251184)
- Adrenal mass
Objective: It was the aim of this study to review and analyze clinical data on the diagnosis and management of patients with adrenal masses.
Patients and Methods: Between 1976 and 2005, 238 patients admitted to our institute with adrenal masses were reviewed. Incidence, clinical features, imaging technique findings, surgical approaches, morbidity and mortality, as well as pathological diagnoses were reported.
Results: The series comprised 134 males and 104 females (mean age 33.3 ± 20.3 years). Right-sided masses were more common (63.4%), with a mean size of 7.7 ± 4 cm. Pain was the most frequent presenting symptom (53.4%), while 62 (26%) had a functional tumor. Incidentaloma was diagnosed in 49 patients (20.6%). Both computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a high diagnostic yield (sensitivities of 98.9 and 100%, respectively). Open adrenalectomy was performed in 153 patients (64.3%), while a laparoscopic approach was employed in 53 patients (22.3%). The intraoperative complication rate was 14.7%, the postoperative complication rate 6.1% and perioperative mortality 1.7%. Most of the excised masses were pheochromocytomas (26.4%).
Conclusions: Computed tomography is recommended as the first diagnostic modality to define and characterize adrenal masses. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is currently replacing open surgery as the standard surgical management of adrenal masses.
Copyright © 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel
Yasser Osman, MD
Urology and Nephrology Center
Tel. +20 50 226 2222, Fax +20 50 226 3717, E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: October 20, 2008
Accepted: December 9, 2008
Published online: December 08, 2009
Number of Print Pages : 5
Number of Figures : 1, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 20