Friday, March 19, 2010

Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Pituitary Function in Children with Panhypopituitarism

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Original Paper

Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Pituitary Function in Children with Panhypopituitarism
Guimei Li, Peng Shao, Xiaojun Sun, Qian Wang, Lijuan Zhang
Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Shandong, PR China

Address of Corresponding Author

Horm Res Paediatr 2010;73:205-209 (DOI: 10.1159/000284363)


 Key Words

  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Insulin-like growth factor-1
  • Multiple pituitary hormone
  • Panhypopituitarism

 Abstract

Background: To explore the relationship between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and multiple pituitary-target hormones in patients with panhypopituitarism or multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (MPHD).

Methods: 125 patients with MPHD (102 boys, MPHD group) and 90 age-, sex- and Tanner stage-matched normal children (control group) were enrolled. 96 of the patients with MPHD underwent MRI scans of the hypothalamic-pituitary area. The patients were subdivided into five stages according to their MRI findings. The serum concentrations of GH, IGF-1, FT4, TSH, ACTH, cortisol, FSH, LH, prolactin, testosterone and estradiol were measured in patients and in controls.

Results: MRI stage was significantly positively correlated with the number of pituitary hormone deficiencies (r = 0.9, p < 0.001). MRI stage was negatively correlated with peak GH, IGF-1, FT4, cortisol and anterior pituitary height (r = –0.43, –0.47, –0.67, –0.54, and –0.49, respectively, p < 0.01). Diabetes insipidus patients could be stratified according to their MRI stage; diabetes insipidus was found mainly in patients with absence of the posterior pituitary bright spot or small ectopic posterior pituitary bright spot on MRI.

Conclusion: An abnormal MRI finding is evidence of MPHD and, correspondingly, there is a noteworthy correlation between MRI and pituitary function.

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